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IELTS Vocabulary For Letter Writing

Structure Of Letter :- How to start and end the letter?

Formal Letter

When you don't know the recipient’s name:

  • Dear Sir Or Madam - Yours faithfully
  • Dear Sir/Madam - Yours obediently

The recipient’s name is known:

  • Dear Mr Deep - Yours sincerely
  • Dear Mrs Virk - Yours sincerely
  • Dear Miss Komal - Yours sincerely

Semi-formal Letter

When you are writing to a good friend or colleague:

  • Dear Gourav - Best wishes/ Best regards
  • Dear Gourav - Many thanks

Informal Letter

When you are writing to a good friend or colleague:

  • Dear Gourav - Best wishes
  • Dear Gourav - Best regards
  • Dear Deep - See you
  • Dear Deep - Missing you
  • Dear Deep - Love

When you are writing to someone you love:

  • Dear Jazz - Yours always
  • Dear Jazz - Lots of love





The letter's first paragraph is letter opening. In your first paragraph you should:

  1. introduce yourself
  2. state the purpose of the letter.

Examples of formal letter openings:

  • I am writing to enquire about … .
  • I am writing to request ... .
  • I am writing to explain why ... .
  • I am writing to express interest in ... .
  • I am writing to inform you that/about… .
  • I am writing to complain about (the fact that I)… .
  • After having seen your advertisement in … , I would like to… .
  • After having received your address from … , I … .
  • Thank you for your letter regarding/about … .


  • In reply to your letter of 18 June, … .

Examples of informal letter openings:

  • Hi! My name is Noah and I've been assigned your drama coach… .
  • Hello, My name is Julia and I'm volunteer conducting student excursions… .
  • Hi there, I hope you're enjoying your holidays/ trip/ college year/ honeymoon… .
  • Hello, thanks very much for asking me to visit you ... .

You may need a letter closing to express gratitude, to repeat an apology, to offer help etc.

Examples of formal letter closings:

  • If you require any further information, feel free to contact me.
  • I look forward to your reply.
  • I look forward to hearing from you.
  • Once again, I apologise for any inconvenience.
  • I would appreciate your immediate attention to this matter.
  • I would deeply appreciate it if you could ... .
  • Thank you in advance!


  • Thanking you for your assistance in advance, I look forward to hearing from you.

Examples of informal letter closings:

  • Anyway, I‛ve got to go now. Write again if you need any more information.
  • Well, let me finish here. I am eagerly waiting for your reply to this letter.